Freitag, 13. März 2009

Grüne Nägel..

A 53-year-old intensive care nurse receiving monotherapy with efalizumab for psoriasis involving her arms, legs, and nails presented with a several-week history of slowly progressive green discoloration of both thumbnails, which were affected by psoriasis-induced onycholysis (Panel A). Bacteriologic examination of nail scrapings revealed the presence of fluoroquinolone-sensitive Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae. After 2 weeks of treatment with topical nadifloxacin, the nail color returned to normal (Panel B).
Green nails, a form of chromonychia, may be caused by bacterial infection with P. aeruginosa. This syndrome is typically seen in patients with nail disease such as onycholysis, onychotillomania, or paronychia, particularly in those whose abnormal nails have been exposed to moist environments. The green color is caused by the fluorescent siderophore pyoverdin, produced by P. aeruginosa. The infection may have been acquired when the patient was gardening or even at work, despite the wearing of gloves when caring for patients. As seen in this case, topical antibiotic therapy treats the bacterial infection and results in normalization of the nail color.

NEJM Volume 360:1125 March 12, 2009 Number 11

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